ADODC in VB , Creating VB database applications using ADO control

Data control is not a very flexible tool as it could only work with limited kinds of data and must work strictly in the Visual Basic environment. To overcome these limitations, we can use a much more powerful data control in Visual Basic, known as ADO control. ADO stands for ActiveX data objects. As ADO is ActiveX-based, it can work in different platforms (different computer systems) and different programming languages. Besides, it can access many different kinds of data such as data displayed in the Internet browsers, email text and even graphics other than the usual relational and non relational database information.

To be able to use ADO data control, you need to insert it into the toolbox. To do this, simply press Ctrl+T to open the components dialog box and select Microsoft ActiveX Data Control 6. After this, you can proceed to build your ADO-based VB database applications.

The following example will illustrate how to build a relatively powerful database application using ADO data control. First of all, name the new form as frmBookTitle and change its caption to Book Titles- ADO Application. Secondly, insert the ADO data control and name it as adoBooks and change its caption to book. Next, insert the necessary labels, text boxes and command buttons. The runtime interface of this program is shown in the diagram below, it allows adding and deletion as well as updating and browsing of data.

To be able to access and manage a database, you need to connect the ADO data control to a database file. We are going to use POP.MDB that comes with VB6. To connect ADO to this database file , follow the steps below:

a) Click on the ADO control on the form and open up the properties window.

b) Click on the ConnectionString property, the following dialog box will appear.

when the dialog box appear, select the Use Connection String's Option. Next, click build and at the Data Link dialog box, double-Click the option labeled Microsoft Jet 3.51 OLE DB provider.

After that, click the Next button to select the file POP.MDB. You can click on Text Connection to ensure proper connection of the database file. Click OK to finish the connection.

Finally, click on the RecordSource property and set the command type to adCmd Table and Table name to Titles. Now you are ready to use the database file.

Now, you need to write code for all the command buttons. After which, you can make the ADO control invisible.



For the Save button, the program codes are as follow:

Private Sub cmdSave_Click()

adoBooks.Recordset.Fields("Title") = txtTitle.Text
adoBooks.Recordset.Fields("Year Published") = txtPub.Text
adoBooks.Recordset.Fields("ISBN") = txtISBN.Text
adoBooks.Recordset.Fields("PubID") = txtPubID.Text
adoBooks.Recordset.Fields("Subject") = txtSubject.Text

End Sub

For the Add button, the program codes are as follow:

Private Sub cmdAdd_Click()


End Sub

For the Delete button, the program codes are as follow:

Private Sub cmdDelete_Click()

Confirm = MsgBox("Are you sure you want to delete this record?", vbYesNo, "Deletion Confirmation")
If Confirm = vbYes Then
MsgBox "Record Deleted!", , "Message"
MsgBox "Record Not Deleted!", , "Message"
End If

End Sub

For the Cancel button, the program codes are as follow:

Private Sub cmdCancel_Click()

txtTitle.Text = ""
txtPub.Text = ""
txtPubID.Text = ""
txtISBN.Text = ""
txtSubject.Text = ""

End Sub

For the Previous (<) button, the program codes are

Private Sub cmdPrev_Click()

If Not adoBooks.Recordset.BOF Then
If adoBooks.Recordset.BOF Then
End If
End If

End Sub

For the Next(>) button, the program codes are

Private Sub cmdNext_Click()

If Not adoBooks.Recordset.EOF Then
If adoBooks.Recordset.EOF Then
End If
End If

End Sub

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Visual Basic-6 has emerged as one of the standard Windows Programming Language and it has become a must for all Software people for developing Applications in Visual Environment. So it is, one must learn Visual Basic-6.

What is our Objective in this Courseware?

The Overall Objective in this Courseware is to give a Hands-on Approach to develop different projects in Visual Basic-6.0 using intrinsic, professional and user–created ActiveX controls and also develop projects using databases, DAO’s, ADO’s, DLL’s, Documents, Crystal Reports etc. covering almost all the essential features of VB-6 Professional Edition. After reading one lesson any interested reader will be able to get complete hands-on experience with the VB project and get a sense of fulfilment and achievement. Learning by doing is the motto with which this courseware is written. After giving a short introduction about VB-6 we will explain how to create and execute a project in VB using some intrinsic ActiveX controls. Creating and executing projects will be the central theme of all the lessons which we will be giving in this courseware.

What is Visual Basic-6?

Visual Basic-6 has its origin in Basic which was developed round about the year 1960, when high level languages were just being introduced to the computer community. Microsoft has made it extremely powerful by gearing all its good features to the Windows environment. Starting with the version 3 and then with 4, and then with 6, Visual Basic is now at version 6. Basic is a Procedure Oriented Language intended to implement single tasks in text based environment whereas Visual Basic is an Event Driven Language intended to implement Projects or Applications containing multiple tasks in Windows Environment.

What can Visual Basic do for you?

Visual Basic can serve as an ideal front end tool for the clients to interact. It has got connectivity mechanisms for all types of databases situated far and wide in a network and so it can cater to the needs of a large body of clients. Using the latest ActiveX technologies, it can integrate the functionalities provided by other applications like Word Excel and other Windows. Its internet capabilities provide easy access to documents and applications across the internet. Above all it embodies the Object Oriented Technology, which is the cutting edge technology for all the present day developments in the Software World. The final application is a true EXE file and so can be freely distributed.

Structure of VB-6 Projects:

We said earlier that VB-6 implements projects or applications. A project is developed using one or more Forms. A Form is simply a window containing one or more Controls. Controls in VB consist of labels, text boxes, list boxes, combo boxes, scroll bars etc. which are the constituents of windows environment. It is only the controls that give VB, its immense power and so there is a lot of interest in creating more and more powerful controls. ActiveX controls mark a significant development in controls technology. In fact all controls in VB-6 are ActiveX controls, which have the extension .ocx. These controls have properties whose values can be initialized at design time and also varied during run time. The properties are something like variables. The controls are activated by codes written in a high level language. By associating our problem variables with the properties of the controls, our problem variables can be manipulated to give the problem solution. In summary we can say that a VB project is made of forms, controls and their properties and codes.

Integrated Development Environment:

The working environment in VB is often referred to as the Integrated Development Environment or IDE, because it integrates many different functions such as design, editing, compiling and debugging within a common environment. Since all our projects are developed only in the IDE, let us now have a brief look at its features. You will be able to understand their uses at the time of building projects. The VB IDE looks as shown in the figure.